This morning the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report (formerly referred to as the National Diabetes Fact Sheet), intended to provide up-to-date scientific data and statistics on diabetes and its burden in the United States.
The Report shows that the number of cases of diabetes and prediabetes among Americans of all ages and ethnicities continues to increase, underscoring the continuing crisis this disease presents for Americans and the importance of our mission to prevent and cure diabetes and improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes.
Below you will find a number of key points from the new report, which can be found in full athttp://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/statsreport14.htm. The American Diabetes Association website, diabetes.org, is also being updated to reflect this new information.
For questions about the report and new data, please contact Matt Petersen, Managing Director, Medical Information and Professional Engagement, at email@example.com.
2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report
Overall Numbers, Diabetes and Prediabetes
- Prevalence: In 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population, had diabetes. In 2010 the figures were 25.8 million and 8.3%. The prevalence rate for adults age 20 and older in 2012 was 12.3%, compared to 11.3% in 2010.
- Undiagnosed: Of the 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed, and 8.1 million were undiagnosed. In 2010 the figures were 18.8 million and 7.0 million.
- Prevalence in Seniors: The percentage of Americans age 65 and older remains high, at 25.9%, or 11.8 million seniors (diagnosed and undiagnosed).
- Incidence: The incidence of diabetes in 2012 was 1.7 million new diagnoses/year; in 2010 it was 1.9 million.
- Prediabetes: In 2012, 86 million Americans age 20 and older had prediabetes; this is up from 79 million in 2010. The percentage is up slightly, from 35% in 2010 to 37% in 2012—and is now at 51% among those age 65 and older.
- Deaths: Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, with 69,071 death certificates listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of 234,051 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.
Diabetes in Youth
- About 208,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have diagnosed diabetes, approximately 0.25% of that population (the figure is essentially unchanged from 2010, when it was estimated at 215,000/0.26%).
- In 2008—2009, the annual incidence of diagnosed diabetes in youth was estimated at 18,436 with type 1 diabetes, 5,089 with type 2 diabetes. This represents a modest increase in the percentage of youth being diagnosed with type 2, from 19% in 2002—2005, to 22% in 2008—2009.
Diabetes by Race/Ethnicity
- The new Statistics Report contains greater detail on diabetes in minority populations than has been available before, particularly for Asian Americans. The rates of diagnosed diabetes by race/ethnic background are:
|American Indians/Alaskan Natives||15.9%|
The breakdown among Asian Americans: 4.4% for Chinese, 11.3% for Filipinos, 13.0% for Asian Indians, and 8.8% for other Asian Americans.
- Hypoglycemia: In 2011, about 282,000 emergency room visits for adults aged 18 years or older had hypoglycemia as the first-listed diagnosis and diabetes as another diagnosis. This is new to the Statistics Report.
- Hyperglycemia: In 2011, about 175,000 emergency room visits for people of all ages had hyperglycemic crisis as the first-listed diagnosis. This is new to the Statistics Report.
- Hypertension: In 2009–2012, of adults aged 18 years or older with diagnosed diabetes, 71% had blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 millimeters of mercury or used prescription medications to lower high blood pressure. This is an increase from 67% in the previous Fact Sheet.
- Dyslipidemia: In 2009–2012, of adults aged 18 years or older with diagnosed diabetes, 65% had blood LDL cholesterol greater than or equal to 100 mg/dl or used cholesterol-lowering medications. This is new to the Statistics Report.
- CVD Death Rates: In 2003–2006, after adjusting for population age differences, cardiovascular disease death rates were about 1.7 times higher among adults aged 18 years or older with diagnosed diabetes than among adults without diagnosed diabetes. This data is a change from the previous Fact Sheet, which cited heart disease death rates 2 to 4 times higher for people with vs. without diabetes.
- Heart Attack Rates: In 2010, after adjusting for population age differences, hospitalization rates for heart attack were 1.8 times higher among adults aged 20 years or older with diagnosed diabetes than among adults without diagnosed diabetes. This is new to the Statistics Report.
- Stroke: In 2010, after adjusting for population age differences, hospitalization rates for stroke were 1.5 times higher among adults with diagnosed diabetes aged 20 years or older compared to those without diagnosed diabetes. This data is an update and change from the previous Fact Sheet, which rates of stroke 2 to 4 times higher for people with vs. without diabetes.